Report on drug situation in Croatia (ENGLISH)
In 2011, on the initiative of the Office for Combating Drugs Abuse (OCDA), Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar conducted first general population survey on licit and illicit drugs (N=4 756). According to this survey, lifetime prevalence for any illicit drug was 16% of the sample (15-64 years of age). Cannabis is the most prevalent illicit drug among the general population (15.6%), while prevalence for other drugs was significantly lower. In the last year and the last month, cannabis was used by 5% and 3.1% of the respondents. Lifetime prevalence of amphetamine was reported by 2.6% of the sample, ecstasy 2.5%, cocaine 2.3%, LSD 1.4% and heroin 0.4%.
Quarter (25.7%) of the young adults (15-34) of the sample indicated any drug consumption in their life. In this age group, lifetime prevalence of cannabis was 25.3%, amphetamines 5.1%, ecstasy 4.6%, cocaine 3.8%, LSD 2.4%, and heroin 0.5%. In the last year cannabis was used by 11.0% and in the last month by 6.1% of young adults.
The report on GPS is available for download in PDF.
The main purpose of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) is to collect comparable data on substance use among 15–16-year-old European students in order to monitor trends within as well as between countries.
The first study was carried out in 26 countries in 1995, while data collection in 2011 was performed in 37 countries. However, results for 2011 are available only for 36 countries, since the Isle of Man collected data but unfortunately did not have the possibility to deliver any results. This summary presents key results from the 2011 survey in the ESPAD countries as well as findings regarding the long-term trends. An initial section gives a short overview of the methodology. Independent research teams in the participating countries form the basis of the collaborative project. In the 2011 ESPAD data collection, more than 100,000 students took part in the following countries: Albania, Belgium (Flanders), Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republic of Srpska), Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, the Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany (five Bundesländer), Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, the Isle of Man, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, the Russian Federation (Moscow), Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Ukraine and the United Kingdom.
The PG has launched a dramatic 30-second television spot on a young woman in hospital after a drug-induced car accident. Many accidents and deaths on European roads are caused by drivers whose performance is impaired by psychoactive substances. The launching of the spot marks 30th anniversary of the Pompidou Group at the Council of Europe.
»suite Spot in English, French, German, Italian, Russian. Spot is available on official Pompidou Group website www.coe.int.
The World Drug Report presents comprehensive information on the illicit drug situation. It provides detailed estimates and trends on production, trafficking and consumption in the opium/heroin, coca/cocaine, cannabis and amphetamine-type stimulants markets. This year, for the first time, the World Drug Report includes special feature sections on the quality of drug data available to UNODC, trends in drug use among young people and police-recorded drug offences. It also discusses one the most formidable unintended consequences of drug control - the black market for drugs - and how the international community best can tackle it.
On 5th November 2009 EMCDDA launched its Annual report on the state of the drugs problem in Europe. The report, available in 23 languages, provides the latest European data and commentary on the drug situation across the 27 EU Member States, Croatia, Turkey and Norway. Individual chapters dedicated to specific drugs are complemented by updates on drug-related infectious diseases and deaths, new drugs and emerging trends and the legal, political, social and health responses to Europe’s drugs problem. Full details including news releases and supporting material on the event can be found on the Annual report event page.
- Message from the EMCDDA Director, Wolfgang Götz
- Annual report event page
- Download the EMCDDA Annual report 2009
(21.9.2009, LISBON) Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia, Đurđa Adlešič, visited the EMCDDA as the country prepares for membership of this EU agency. Ms Adlešič, who is also president of the Commission on Combating Narcotic Drug Abuse of the Croatian Government, was joined by a 20-strong delegation.
Among the dignitaries were: Neven Mimica, Deputy Speaker of the Croatian Parliament and President of the Committee on European Integration; Stjepan Adanić, State Secretary at the Ministry of Family, Veterans’ Affairs and Intergenerational Solidarity; Milanka Opačić, President of the Committee on Family, Youth and Sport; and other high-level parliamentary representatives in the areas of health, social welfare and domestic policy. The delegation also boasted a strong technical team of experts working in the drugs field, including the heads of the governmental Office for Combating Narcotic Drug Abuse and the Croatian Reitox national focal point.___________________________________
By resolution 42/112 of 7 December 1987, the General Assembly decided to observe 26 June as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking as an expression of its determination to strengthen action and cooperation to achieve the goal of an international society free of drug abuse. This resolution recommended further action with regard to the report and conclusions of the 1987 International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.
On the occasion of the 26th June 2009 as International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, Office for Combating Narcotic Drug Abuse of the Republic of Croatia has organized a promotional program that was held 26th June 2009, on the Square Peter Preradovica (Flower Square) in Zagreb.
On the basis of Articles 93 Paragraph 2, Article 105, Paragraph 3 and type 108, Paragraph 2 Law on Social Welfare (Official Gazette No. 73/97, 27/01, 59/01, 82/01, 103/03, 44/06 and 79/07) and Article 22 Law on Physical Planning and construction ( "Official Gazette" No. 76/07) the Minister of Health and Welfare with the consent of the Minister of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction issued a Regulation on the type of activity and home social care, the manner of providing care outside their own families, the conditions space, equipment and workers' welfare home, therapeutic communities, religious communities, associations and other legal persons, and the center for assistance and care in the home. (Official Gazette no. 64/2009).
Croatian National Institute of Public Health on March 30th 2009 has presented ESPAD Key results 2007. The Croatian results are rather close to the ESPAD mean on most variables. While the proportion who had consumed any alcohol during the past 12 months (84%) is about average, the proportion who had been drunk during the same period (43%) is slightly above average. Moreover, the estimated consumption on the latest drinking day is above the mean (5.2 cl alc. 100%). The 30-days prevalence of smoking (38%) is also higher than the ESPAD average. On the other hand, lifetime use of cannabis (18%) is about average while use of drugs other than cannabis (4%) is rather low. About one tenth (11%) of the Croatian students had ever used inhalants, five percent reported non-prescription use of tranquillisers or sedatives, and eight percent had combined alcohol with pills. All three variables are close to the ESPAD average.
On 12th February 2009, The Government of the Republic of Croatia has adopted the Action Plan on Drugs for the period 2009 - 2012.